Showing posts with label - - - - Jigoku Hell - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - - Jigoku Hell - -. Show all posts

2019/12/31

Welcome to Paradise !

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Welcome to Gokuraku 極楽 the Buddhist Paradise !

I will try and introduce information about the life of Shakyamuni Buddha
and a glossary of terms, many of them are kigo for Japanese haiku.

Paradise, Heaven 極楽 gokuraku and Hell 地獄  jigoku

ano yo あの世 the other world
haraiso はらいそ paradise (paraiso)
higan 彼岸 the other shore
joodo 浄土 Paradise of Amida
ka no yo かの世 the other world
. meido 冥土 冥途 the other world / yomi 黄泉 "the yellow springs" .
paradaisu パラダイス paradise, Paradies
raise 来世 afterlife, the world to come
rakuen 楽園 paradise, earthly paradise
shigo no sekai 死後の世界 the world after death
takai 他界 to die, to pass into the other world
tengoku 天国 heaven
tenjoo 天上 "up there", heaven

. toogen 桃源 Shangri-La シャングリラ, Arcadia, Eden - Toogenkyoo 桃源郷 fairyland, .
桃源郷 lit. Peach Blossom Valley

. raigoo, raigō 来迎 Raigo, the soul on the way to paradise .
"Decent of Amida Buddha", "Amida Coming over the Mountain"
- raigoozuu 来迎図 Raigozu, illustrations of the way to paradise


. Tokoyo no Kuni 常世国, 常世の国 The Eternal Land (of Shintoism) .
yomi 黄泉 the yellow springs, die Gelben Quellen
yuutopia ユートピア Utopia


And in the limbo toward the other world here are a lot of vengeful spirits, monsters and goblins.

. jigoku 地獄 Buddhist hell - Introduction .
naraku ならく / 奈落 hell, hades


. Pilgrimages in Japan - Introduction .


. - - - Glossary of Terms - - - . - not yet in the ABC index.

. Introducing Buddha Statues .

. Introducing Buddhist Temples 寺 .


Your comments and help are most welcome!

Gabi Greve
GokuRakuAn 極楽庵, Japan



. Gokuraku Joodoo 極楽浄土 Gokuraku Jodo, Paradise in the West of Amida Nyorai .



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- - - - - ABC - Table of Contents - - - - -

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- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XXX - / - YYY - / - ZZZ -


. Reference, LINKS - General Information .


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. Join the Jizo Bosatsu Gallery - Facebook .






. Join the Kannon Bosatsu Gallery on facebook .





. Join the Onipedia Demons on facebook .


under construction - please come back!
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2018/08/02

Jigoku hell paintings

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. jigoku 地獄 the Buddhist Hell .
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. jigokue, jigoku-e 地獄絵 paintings of hell .
- Introduction -

- - - - - Paintings from a temple in Nagano

























photos from a facebook friend


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. jigokue, jigoku-e 地獄絵 paintings of hell .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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- - #jigokuhell #jigokupainting #jigokue -
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2017/12/08

Jigokudani Hell Valley

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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .
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Jigokudani 地獄谷 ”Hell Valley" -- Jigoku no Tani 地獄の谷

There are quite a few places with this name in Japan, especially in the many regions with volcanic activity and related onsen 温泉 hot springs.

- reference : jigokudani -

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Jigokudani Yaen Koen 地獄谷野猿公苑 Monkey Park
Even the wild monkeys enjoy a hot bath in a hell valley bath tub !



- quote -
The Jigokudani Yaen-koen
(altitude 850 meters) is located in the Valley of Yokoyu River sourced from Shiga-Kogen of the
Joshinetsu-Kogen National Park in northern part of Nagano prefecture.
- source : en.jigokudani-yaenkoen.co.jp -
Nagano Prefecture, Shimotakai District, Yamanouchi, Hirao, 6845

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source : MFA Boston

At Hell Valley on Mount Tate in Etchû Province,
Nikushi Dôjin Demonstrates a Battle of Frogs and Teaches Magic to the Two Comrades Yoshikado and Iga Ju

Etchû Tateyama no Jigokudani ni Nikushi Dôjin kawazu kassen no ki o arawashi Yoshikado Iga Ju no ryôyû
「越中立山の地獄谷に肉芝道人蛙合戦の奇をあらはし良門伊賀寿の両雄に妖術を授く」
by Yoshitora 芳虎画



Tateyama Jigokudani 立山の地獄谷


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- - - - - H A I K U - - - - -

地獄谷あるとき群るる赤蜻蛉
jigokudani aru toki mururu akatonbo

hell valley -
sometimes red dragonflies
come in great numbers

Tr. Gabi Greve

岡田日郎 Okada Nichio

. akatonbo 赤蜻蛉 red dragonfly .
- kigo for autumn -


地獄谷くらく鴬老いにけり 吉澤卯一
地獄谷ここにもケルン積まれあり 塩川雄三
地獄谷すなわち石楠花谷として 花谷和子
地獄谷小さき日傘の湧いてきし 嶋野國夫
地獄谷老鴬もまた深く聞く 藤浦昭代
地獄谷隣合せの大花野 菅野一狼
ケルン灼け足奪はるる地獄谷 河野南畦

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .



................................................................................. Aichi 愛知県 
豊田市 Toyota

. oni no ido 鬼の井戸 the well of the Demon .
igokudani 地獄谷 "hell valley" at the river 田代川 Tashirogawa

tanuki 狸 badger
A farmer had to pass the Jigokudani every evening, and always had the feeling someone was following him.
At the road crossing with three paths there was a strange sound, ザダーン zadaaaan.
People said this must have been the mischief of a Tanuki.






................................................................................. Gifu 岐阜県 
益田郡 Masuta district 小坂町 Kosaka

天狗 Tengu
A person who did some rain rituals at 御嶽山 Mount Ontakesan went to the Jigokudani to give thanks. There is a rock formation named zoo no hana 象の鼻 nose of an elephant. When he passed there a strange being with a long nose could be seen.
And soon after there was a huge storm.








................................................................................. Hokkaido 北海道 



Meet the Demons (Oni) of Hell Valley in Noboribetsu Onsen Hot Spring - Hokkaido
. Oni 登別の鬼 The Demons of Noboribetsu .




................................................................................. Nagano 長野県 
上伊那郡 Kami-Ina district 中川村 Nakagawa

yama otoko 山男 "Mountain Man Monster"
In the North of 大鹿村 Oshika village is a place called Jigokudani. It is a spooky place with many bones of humans and animals.
Once a brave forest worker went there to cut trees. There were many good さわらの木 Sawara trees (Chamaecyparis pisifera), so he built a small hut and started working.
On a full-moon night there was an ominous rumbling in the mountain and something seemed to come closer and closer. Then a huge Mountain Man appeared in front of the hut, threw him the arm of a woman and said "Eat this!"
The man was so shocked and afraid, he made use of the moonlight and fled out of the forest and into his home in the village.







................................................................................. Niigata 新潟県 
西蒲原郡 Nishi-Kanbara district 赤塚村 Akatsuka mura

daija 大蛇 huge serpent
The master of 明かずの池 Akazu no Ike was a huge serpent.

. Legends about ike no nushi 池の主 と伝説 the Master of the Pond .

Other legends tell of the master of the pond as
. aka-ushi 赤牛 the red bull / red cow .
The red bull had to flee from the pond and escaped to another one, the pond in Jigokudani.





................................................................................. Shizuoka 静岡県 
静岡市 Shizuoka city

At the back of 臨済寺 temple Rinzai-Ji in Shizuoka city there is a dreadful, scary place called Jigokudani.
If you go there unprepared and not careful, you might die.
During 賎機山の合戦 the battle at Shizuhatayama many people died and their souls came to meet and stay here.
The battle was between the forces of Takeda Shingen and Tokugawa Ieyasu.



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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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2017/12/01

Jigoku Hell Contents

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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .
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jigoku 地獄 the Buddhist Hell - Contents



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. Diyu 地狱 (Jap. jigoku) (Sanskrit: नरक "Naraka") .
is the realm of the dead or "hell" in Chinese mythology.


. Eingakyoo 絵因果経 E-Inga-Kyo - Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect .

. Enma Ten 閻魔天、Enma Oo 閻魔王 Ema King of Hell - Yama-raja .


. Hachi Dai Jigoku 八大地獄 Eight Great Hells .
Hachi Netsu Jigoku 八熱地獄 Eight Hot Hells

. Hachi Kan Jigoku, Hachikan Jigoku, Hakkan Jigoku 八寒地獄 Eight Cold Hells .


. Jigoku Bosatsu 地獄菩薩 "Bosatsu of Hell" .
- - - - - Namu Jigoku Daibosatsu 南無地獄大菩薩, Jizoo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩

. Jigokudani 地獄谷 ”Hell Valley" - Jigoku no Tani 地獄の谷 .

. Jigoku Dayû, Jigoku Dayuu 地獄太夫 Jigoku Dayu, Courtesan of Hell.

. jigokudoo 地獄道(じごくどう)The Realm of Hell .

. jigokue, jigoku-e 地獄絵 painting of hell .
- - - - - jigoku ezu 地獄絵図 Hell Paintings and books about them

Jigoku Jinja 地獄神社 Shrine (tba)

. Jigoku no Baba 地獄の婆., Datsueba 奪衣婆 or 脱衣婆 the Old Hag of Hell .

. jigoku no oni 地獄の鬼 demons of the Buddhist hell .

. jigokuyaki, jigoku yaki 地獄焼 grilling seafood alive - "Hellish grilling" .  


. Juu Oo 十王, Juo, Ju-O - 10 Ten Kings of Hell - Ten Yama Kings .


. Kabuki 歌舞伎 and Hell .

. Kawanabe Kyōsai 河鍋暁斎 Kawanabe Kyosai Hell paintings .

. Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 jigoku haiku 地獄俳句 .


. meido 冥土 冥途 the other world / yomi 黄泉 "the yellow springs" .


. naraku ならく / 奈落 hell, hades .



. Sanzu no Kawa 三途の川 River Sanzu, the river on the way to hell .

. Seikooji, Seikō-Ji 星光寺 Temple Seiko-Ji - Kyoto .

shoojigoku 小地獄 Shojigoku "small hell" (tba)


. Taizan Fukun 泰山府君 / 太山府君 King of Hell .
Taizan-O 太山王(泰山王) King Taizan
Daizan oo 泰山王 Daizan-O (incarnation of 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai)


. yomi 黄泉 "the yellow springs" .


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- - - - - Gokuraku and Jigoku - Table of Contents - - - - -

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- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XXX - / - YYY - / - ZZZ -


. Reference, LINKS - General Information .



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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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- - #jigoku #hell #jigokucontents -
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2017/10/26

jigoku haiku by Kobayashi Issa

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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .
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jigoku haiku 地獄 俳句 by Kobayashi Issa

. Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .
- Introduction -



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- source : David Lanoue -
- translations © 1991-2009 by David G. Lanoue


1803

.はいかいの地獄のそこか閑古鳥
haikai no jigoku no soko ka kankodori

so is haiku hell
over that-a-way...
mountain cuckoo?


1804

.秋の風我が参るはどの地獄
aki no kaze waga [ga] mairu wa dono jigoku

autumn wind--
on my pilgrimage
to which hell?


1811

.涼しさにぶらぶら地獄巡り哉
suzushisa ni bura-bura jigoku meguri kana

in summer cool
ambling down my road
to hell


1812

.世の中は地獄の上の花見哉
yo no naka wa jigoku no ue no hanami kana

in this world
over hell...
viewing spring blossoms


1814

.地獄へは斯う参れとや閑古鳥
jigoku e wa kô maire to ya kankodori

"This way to hell,
pilgrim!"
mountain cuckoo

1814

.露ちるや地獄の種をけふもまく
tsuyu chiru ya jigoku no tane wo kyô mo maku

dewdrops scatter--
today, too,
sowing hell seeds


1815

.大地獄小じごくからも雲雀哉
ô[ji]goku ko jigoku kara mo hibari kana

from great hell
and from little hell--
skylarks

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1815



.地獄画の垣にかかりて鳴雲雀
jigoku e no kaki ni kakarite naku hibari

in the hell painting
perched on a fence...
a lark sings


. jigokue, jigoku-e 地獄絵 paintings of hell .


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1815

.下陰は蟻の地獄ぞかんこ鳥
shita kage wa ari no jigoku zo kankodori

down in the shadows
lurks the ants' hell...
mountain cuckoo


1818

.梅咲くや地獄の釜も休日と
ume saku ya jigoku no kama mo yasumu hi to

plum blooming
even hell's cauldrons
CLOSED


1820

.梅咲や地獄の門も休み札
ume saku ya jigoku no kado mo yasumi satsu

plum blooming--
even hell's gate
CLOSED

1820

.けふこそは地獄の衆もお正月
kyô koso wa jigoku no shû mo o-shôgatsu

today even the
hordes of hell celebrate
the new year

1820

.斎日もさばの地獄はいたりにけり
sainichi mo saba no jigoku wa itari ni keri

even on a fast day
this world's hell
is hell

1820

.薮蟻の地獄を逃て火とり虫
yabu ari no jigoku wo nigete hitorimushi

fleeing the hell
of thicket ants...
tiger moth


1823

.大毛虫蟻の地獄におちにけり
ô kemushi ari no jigoku ni ochi ni keri

big caterpillar--
into the ants' hell
it has fallen


1825

.よい月や内へ這入れば蚤地獄
yoi tsuki [ya] uchi e haireba nomi jigoku

good moon--
but going inside
a hell of fleas


1827

.朝顔のうしろは蚤の地獄かな
asagao no ushiro wa nomi no jigoku kana

behind the morning-glories
a hell
of fleas

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. arijigoku, ari jigoku 蟻地獄 doodlebug, ant lion, antlion .
lit. "hell for the ants"
kigo for all summer
suribachi mushi 擂鉢虫(すりばちむし)"mortar insect"
arozusari あとずさり、atosari mushi あとさり虫
Ameisenlöwe





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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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2017/08/06

Taizan Fukun Hell King

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. Juu Oo 十王, Juo, Ju-O - 10 Ten Kings of Hell .
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Taizan Fukun 泰山府君 / 太山府君 King of Hell
Taizan-O 太山王(泰山王) King Taizan
Daizan oo 泰山王 Daizan-O (incarnation of 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai)




He is a subordinate of Enmaten 焔摩天 King of Hell.
In Taoism he is called
東嶽大帝(仁聖大帝)Togaku Taitei

He resides in hell and keeps the books where the length of each human life is recorded.


. Sekizan Zen-In 赤山禅院 - Kyoto .
The principal deity, 赤山大明神 Sekizan Daimyojin, "Red-Mountain Shining-Deity", is a brought-back avatar or a double image of Taizanfukun 泰山府君 (Taizan Fukun) in Mt. Sekizan in China
ema 絵馬 votive tablet of 泰山府君 Taizan Fukun




Taizan-ō, 泰山王 King of Hell, Judge in the 7th week, 49th day 七七日49日


- quote
Taizan Fukun - たいざん‐ふくん【泰山府君】 / 泰山王 Taizanoo
Taizan Fukun wird oft zusammen mit Emma als Paar neben einem Jizo Bosatsu dargestellt. In der wallenden Tracht eines chinesischen Richters der Sung-Zeit.
Meist sitzende Statuen mit furchterregendem Gesichtsausdruck. Er hält in der Hand ein Holzszepter mit zwei Köpfen auf einem Lotusblatt (jintoojoo, nintoojoo).

. 10 Höllenkönige (Jûô, juuoo, juo 十王) .
Gabi Greve



Seated statues are depicted with a wooden scepter holding two heads.
(This statue is from Todai-Ji.)


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- quote
泰山府君祭 Taizan Fukun no Sai
TRANSLATION:
the Taizan Fukun (Lord Taizan) ceremony
APPEARANCE:
Taizan Fukun no Sai is one of the most secret and powerful onmyōdō rituals. It is jealously guarded by the few who know it, and strongly coveted by those who don’t.
ORIGIN:
This spell was developed in ancient China by Taoist philosophers. It is named for Lord Taizan, the god of the mountain Taishan in Shandong, China and one of the kings of hell. He is one of the most important deities in Onmyōdō. In this ritual, the supplicant beseeches Lord Taizan, Great King Enma, and the other judges of Meido and Jigoku to lengthen a person’s life span, save someone from death, or even restore life to the dead. Gold, silver, silk, saddled horses, and human life—usually substitutes in the form of katashiro, or paper dolls—are offered to the gods. No mantras or magical worlds are spoken; the gods are simply invited to sit down and participate. A formal letter of request is read to them, detailing the offerings and the virtues of the supplicants, and the precise divine intervention desired.
The Abe clan was famous for their knowledge of this spell. It is one of the reasons they were able to maintain a monopoly on the imperial Bureau of Onmyōdō. Under their offices, this spell was routinely performed for the emperors in order to increase their life spans and protect the country.
LEGENDS:
Abe no Seimei is particularly famous for his use of Taizan Fukun no Sai. He resurrected his father, who was murdered by Ashiya Dōman, and used it many other times in the service of the emperor and country.
Once, a high ranking monk of Mii-dera known as Chikō fell gravely ill. It was determined that his illness was the result of karma, and thus could not be cured with medicine. Abe no Seimei was summoned. He divined Chikō’s fortune, and discovered that death was imminent. However, Abe no Seimei said that if someone was willing to trade life spans with Chikō, he could perform the Taizan Fukun no Sai and save the priest’s life.
The priests all looked at each other uncomfortably. As much as they loved and admired Chikō, nobody was willing to sacrifice his own life in order to save him. Finally, a young man named Shōkū—an average pupil who had been studying for many years yet had never attracted the attention of Chikō or the other teachers—stepped forward and offered his own life.
Abe no Seimei accepted the offer. He immediately performed the Taizan Fukun no Sai. Shōkū writhed in anguish, his life span shrinking away, while Chikō rapidly began to recover. Finally, Chikō was cured, and Shōkū lay on death’s door. As the young pupil’s last breath left his body, he prayed with all his heart to a nearby painting of Fudō Myōō. Just then, tears poured from the painted eyes of Fudō Myōō, and the god’s voice was heard:
“If you would take the place of your teacher, then let me take your place instead.”
Suddenly, Shōkū and Chikō sat up, both of then restored to life.
- source : yokai.com/taizanfukunnosai

. Abe no Seimei 阿倍晴明 (921 - 1005) .




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東嶽大帝(仁聖大帝)Togaku Taitei




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. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .


. Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja - Fudo Myoo .


. 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来 Bhaisajyaguru - ABC .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

................................................................................. Fukui 福井県 
遠敷郡 Onyū - Onyu district 名田庄村 Natashomura

Osaizangitsune おさいざん狐 a fox named O-Saizan
On a rock above the shrine 加茂神社 Kamo Jinja there lives a 白狐 white fox called O-Saizan. He/she is the protector of Taizan Fukun.
The 狐の火の玉 fire ball of the fox can fly from 天壇 the heavenly abode of Taizan Fukun all the way to this Kamo Shrine.

加茂神社 Kamo Jinja
福井県大飯郡おおい町名田庄納田終127-4



After the Ōnin War 応仁の乱 Onin no Ran in 1467, members of 土御門家 the clan of Tsuchimmikado (from a branch-family of Abe no Seimei 阿倍晴明 (921 - 1005)) fled here. They were strong believers in the power of Kamo Jinja shrine in Kyoto and spread the belief in this shrine in the region.
In the village there are still many thatched-roof houses that have retained their form for centuries.


. Tsuchimikado, Tsuchi no Mikado 土御門天皇 (1196 – 1231) .
- reigned from 1198 to 1210.
- and the famous Onmyōji, Abe no Seimei 阿倍晴明 (921 - 1005)

. Kyoto - The Kamo Shrine complex .
Shimogamo Shrine 下鴨神社 and Kamigamo Shrine 上賀茂神社


. kitsune densetsu 狐 伝説 fox legends .

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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2017/06/10

Kawanabe Kyosai Hell Paintings

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. jigokue, jigoku-e 地獄絵 paintings of hell .
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Kawanabe Kyoosai, Kawanabe Kyōsai 河鍋暁斎 Kawanabe Kyosai
Kawanabe Gyoosai, Kawanabe Gyōsai 河鍋暁斎 Gyosai

画鬼暁斎 Gaki Kyosai, the Demon of painting - as he called himself !

Kyōsai witnessed Japan transform from a feudal country into a modern state.

. Kawanabe Kyosai 河鍋暁斎 (1831 - 1889) .
- Introduction -
Paintings of Daruma, Fudo Myo-O ...
Kawanabe Kyosai Memorial Museum, Warabi, Saitama

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kisai 鬼才・河鍋暁斎 The Genius Kawanabe Kyosai - "Demon Genuius"

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Jigoku Dayu 地獄太夫がいこつの遊戯を夢に見る図 - Hell courtesan




Jigoku Dayu 地獄太夫 Hell courtesan and Ikkyu
Ikkyū, Ikkyu Sojun (1396-1481)




Jigoku Dayû sees herself as a skeleton in the Mirror of Hell
. 月岡芳年 Tsukioka Yoshitoshi .


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Jigoku Dayu by Utagawa Hiroshige I (1797–1858)


- quote -
The old Japanese tale of Jigoku Dayu, or the Hell Courtesan, there are many variations in this story:
Once upon a time,
a very beautiful and elegant courtesan lived in the pleasure quarters of old Japan. She was however extremely arrogant about her own beauty and unbearably cruel to her servants, to the other courtesans of her tea-house and even to her clients. When she suddenly took ill and died, Ema-O, the King Of Hell, stood her before his magical mirror, which shows the true souls of the deceased, and she finally understood how black was her heart. To punish her, the King of Hell made her wear an uchikake, an outer-kimono, made of all the souls of hell being tortured by demons, the weight of which was a constant reminder to the courtesan of how badly she had treated others.
- source : ... jigoku-dayu-dus139-paul-binnie... -


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The Deities of Good Luck throwing beans at the demons
Daikoku, Ebisu and O-Fuku

oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" 「鬼は―外! 福は―内!」



. setsubun 節分 "seasonal divide" rituals .

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左甚五郎と京美人圖 Hidari Jingoro and a Kyoto Beauty
detail of a folding screen / 左甚五郎と京美人図

. Hidari Jingoroo 左甚五郎 Hidari Jingoro .
skilfull artist, sculptor and carpenter

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'Kyosai Hyaku-zu' 狂斎百図 - One Hundred Pictures by Kyosai


- CLICK for more photos ! -


- quote -
Oni no inu ma ni sentaku (Doing the Laundry While the Demon is Away)
This original Kawanabe Kyosai (Gyosai) woodcut is printed on nineteenth century Japanese mulberry (rice) paper and with full margins as published by Okura Magobei between 1881 - 1886 in the Kyosai Hyakuzu, 'Kyosai Hyaku-zu' (One Hundred Pictures by Kyosai).
It depicts scenes from Japanese folklore & proverbs dealing with household chores, games & demons (Yokai & Oni). The image is constructed by means of two horizontal subjects, the first scene contains a Japanese proverb or expression (Kotowaza), that reads; "Oni no inu ma ni sentaku" which loosely translates to (Doing the Laundry While the Demon is away) or (When the cat is away, the mice will play). The scene depicts a woman washing clothes and a large cat sitting nearby while a grumpy old man goes out for a walk.
The Japanese proverb for he lower scene reads; "Oya ni ninu ko wa oni no ko" which translates to (A child that does not resemble its parents is a Demon Child). Depending on the context, this expression can refer to a child who is misbehaving and is not adapting to the family expectations or it may refer to a simple children's game known as hide and seek. Here the artist depicts children at play, a mother, with her naked child wrapped around her shoulders, chasing a diminutive demon, who in turn is chasing after several frightened children. However, the expression of laughter on the mother's face as she grabs at the little red demon, indicates that it is all in fun. Laughter, in fact, appears to be the connecting link within these delightful and bizarre scenes.
- source : artoftheprint.com/artistpages/kyosai -




..... scenes from Japanese folklore and proverbs dealing with household chores, games and demons (Yokai and Oni).
from the series 'Kyosai Hyaku-zu' 狂斎百図 - One Hundred Pictures by Kyosai.
. . . CLICK here for more Photos !


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暁斎百鬼画談 Kyosai - tales and paintings of 100 demons
“Kyosai's One Hundred Scary Illustrated Tales”









- CLICK for more photos ! -

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- book references : Kyosai at amazon com -


Night Parade Of Hell Creatures: Bizarre Demonic Art By Kyosai
by Jack Hunter (Editor), Kawanabe Kyosai (Artist)



Kawanabe Kyosai (1831-89) was only 6 years old when he joined the school of the great ukiyo-e master Utagawa Kuniyoshi, along with such fellow pupils as Yoshitoshi, who followed him in 1850. Later Kyosai studied traditional Japanese painting at the Kano school. As befits this varied apprenticeship, Kyosai would embrace many styles and methods during his artistic career. His eclectic approach may also be partly attributable to a legendary sake-drinking habit, which could account for the more bizarre extremes of his chosen subject matter - in particular, weird demons and the bloody tortures of Hell. Kyosai can now be regarded as not only one of the last true ukiyo-e masters, but also as one of the first truly modernist painters of Japan.

"Night Parade Of Hell Creatures", edited by Jack Hunter (who also edited the ground-breaking extreme ukiyo-e anthology "Dream Spectres”), collects and considers over 100 of Kyosai's most innovative, demented and bizarre images - including multiple yokai, ghosts and demons - presented in large-format and full-colour throughout.


- CLICK for more photos ! -


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Yokai Wars: Demonic Manga by Kyosai
by Kawanabe Kyosai (Author, Illustrator)



"Yokai Wars" is a special art ebook which collects two of Kyosai's most complete sets of colour sketches themed around demons, monsters, devil-animals, and visions of Hell. These 52 images, dating from 1879 and 1889, showcase the artist's deranged vision at its most inventive, delirious, darkly humorous and at times sadistic.



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画鬼 暁斎 Gaki Kyosai and Josiah Conder




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Hell in Japanese Art
by Ryouji Kajitani, Naoki Nishida (Authors), Kazuya Takaoka (Designer)



This art book showcases a wide collection of depictions of hell in Japanese art from the 12th century to the 19th century. The single-volume collection focuses primarily on works designated as Japanese National Treasures or Important Cultural Properties and features the various depictions of hell by prominent artists such as Kazunobu Kano, Nichōsai 耳鳥斎 Nichosai, Yoshitoshi Tsukioka and Kyosai Kawanabe.
This volume also features the 19th century woodblock-printed edition of "Ojoyoshu" The Essentials of Rebirth in the Pure Land) written by the medieval Buddhist monk Genshin (942-1017) and is accompanied by modern bilingual text. ... These ideas of hell in "Ojoyoshu" have played an enduring role in inspiring Japanese Buddhist paintings and other subsequent texts, particularly from the medieval period onward, and are vividly portrayed in the painting featured in this volume.


. The Ōjōyōshū 往生要集 The Essentials of Rebirth in the Pure Land .
Genshin 源信  (942-1017), Eshin Soozu 恵心僧都 Eshin Sozu

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Demon of painting: the art of Kawanabe Kyōsai
Though ghosts and demons do not exist in this world, the artist Kawanabe Kyōsai proved his artistic worth in his paintings depicting them ...
Kawanabe Kyosai: Beauty and Demon Queller
Kawanabe Kyōsai's Bake-Bake Gakkō (化々學校), or 'School for Spooks' (1872) ... In a classroom full of demons we can see a desk that has sprouted legs ...
... an episode from the life of Shaka (Skt: Sakyamuni), the historical Buddha, the attack of the demon king Mara ...
- reference : kawanabe kyosai demons -


- - kawanabe kyōsai on facebook - -

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蝿虎即暁斎のかみつき貌

高澤良一 Takazawa Ryoichi


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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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2017/05/03

Eingakyo Sutra

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Eingakyoo 絵因果経 E-Inga-Kyo - Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect



Different parts of the Eingakyo scroll are available at various temples and museums.

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- quote -
National Institutes for Cultural Heritage:
"Eingakyo" is a set of eight painting scrolls created by adding paintings to "Kakogenzai Ingakyo
(Ryusho Gunabattara, translated in the mid Genga period (Sung) (fifth century)" consisting of four scrolls.
The list known as "Tenmeishouhin gonengogatsunanoka ruishushoujoukeinouhitsu mokuroku (天平勝寳五年五月七日類収小乗經納櫃目録)" of Shosoin Monjo has an item of "Gaiinkei nibujuurokkan (畫因果經二部十六巻) (two sets of 16 scrolls)" and this is the first appearance in Japanese literature. Another list known as "Heikatuhinhassai sichigatufutsukaruijuu toshoryoukeimokuroku (平勝寳八歳七月二日類従圖書寮經目録)" has an item of "Souingakeihatu Jusankan ichinichi tunonaka itchichitsue (繪因果經八(十三)巻 一(二)帙之中一帙繪)."
At that time, the creation of pictorial covers of Kyokan became popular at places where Sutras were copied when the relationship between the places and the painters deepened. It is significant that Buddhist paintings were understood in conjunction with the text expressions in "Eingakyo."

Existing "Eingakyo" from the Nara period are those held by Jobon Rendai-ji Temple (the first one of a set of two), Godai-ji Temple (the first one of a set of three), the old Masuda family (the first one of a set of four),
Tokyo Geijutsu Daigaku (the second one of a set of four) and
the Idemitsu Museum of Arts (the first one of a set of three).

The painting held at this museum is one of those that used to make up one scroll together with those held in Jobon Rendai-ji Temple and represent the last scene of "Shimon Shutsuyu" following the four scenes ("Kyoshibugei (競試武芸)," "Kanjyo Taishi (灌頂太子)," "Enbujukashiyui (閻浮樹下思惟)" and "Nouki (納妃)"). They represent those including scenes of Prince having a dialogue with Biku (a trainee Buddhist priest) after exiting the north gate and then Biku heading for the sky, of Prince coming back to the castle on a horse, of Udai (one of Shaka's disciples) talking to a king, of Prince meeting Biku, of a dialogue with Biku, of Prince and his wife watching Geiki singing and dancing to music and finally Prince asking King for permission to become a priest.

As each existing "Eingakyo" has unique expressions, it seems unlikely that they were created by the same painter in the same period. However, it seems this can be a valuable clue to looking into the situation of the Gakoshi (an institution to which painters belong) of the time.
This is a rare and extremely valuable work from the Nara period that still exists.

- Look at the scroll here :
- source : emuseum.jp/detail -


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mamono 魔物 demons and monsters from the scroll
They represent the deities of other religions which Shakyamuni encounters.
There are more than 30 Mamono appearing on the scroll. Some look very much like Oni.














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Joobon Rendaiji 上品蓮台寺 Temple Jobon Rendai-Ji

- quote -
The Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect from Jobon Rendai-ji
This sutra is called the
Sutra of Cause and Effect in the Past and Present (過去現在因果経 Kako genzai inga kyo),
more commonly known as the
Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect (J., E inga kyo).
The words of the sutra are copied in the lower half, while the upper half illustrates representative scenes described below. The story begins with the training of the historical Buddha Sakyamuni in his past lives, how he was freed suffering and delusion, and how he achieved enlightenment and became the Buddha. In other words, this sutra is somewhat like the Buddha's biography.

Putting aside these tales of his previous lives, Sakyamuni himself was born about 2,500 years ago in India as a prince, named Siddhartha. His family name was Gautama. His father was Suddhodana, the ruler of a small kingdom called Kapilavastu (on the boarder of present-day Nepal and India); his mother was Queen Maya. According to legend, he was born in the nearby garden of Lumbini. As a prince, Siddhartha spent his childhood and youth in comfort.

This sutra from Jobon Rendai-ji Temple in Kyoto starts from around the time the prince was ten years old. The young Siddhartha spent his time competing in skill and strength against his cousin Devadatta and his half-brother Nanda and always winning. The illustration here captures such a scene that demonstrates the prince's amazing abilities.
- photo -
Here, Siddhartha is about to shoot seven drum-shaped targets made of gold and silver. Since there are seven targets, at least seven arrows would usually be needed to hit all of them, but Siddhartha hits all seven with a single arrow!

According to legend, Prince Siddhartha one day ventured out of his castle from four gates-in the directions of east, south, west, and north-and on each occasion he encountered an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and a spiritual man. The image below represents the scene in which the prince leaves the castle from the south gate to see a sick man. The prince, who had been protected from the outside world, was deeply struck by this sight of illness, as he had never seen a sick person before.



The sutra also captures several other interesting scenes such as Siddhartha competing in a wrestling match and plowing a field to demonstrate his strength. The sutra itself was copied in a beautiful kaisho (formal style of calligraphy) in Japan during the Nara period (710-793). The colors used to paint the illustrations even today are surprisingly brilliant. Moreover, this manuscript not only represents one of the few existing examples of painting from the Nara period, but also served as the prototype of emaki (illustrated handscrolls), which became popular from the Heian period (710-793) on. Finally, there are very few eighth-century sutras from the East Asian Buddhist countries of China, Korea, and Japan that are illustrated and that are as well preserved as this wonderful work.
- source : Kyoto National Museum-
Text by Eikei Akao, Department of Fine Arts- 1998


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The Buddhist biographical scriptures that the ancient Japanese used were mainly those written in Chinese and even they were introduced as illustrated biographies. ‘Eingakyo( (Illustrated Sutra of Cause and Effect) is one of the most famous ancient works that was imported to Japan in the Nara Period (8th century AD).

- reference : Eingakyo -

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Joobon Rendaiji 上品蓮台寺 Temple Jobon Rendai-Ji
京都府京都市北区紫野十二坊町33-1 / 33-1 Murasakino Jūnibōchō, Kita-ku, Kyōto



It was built by 聖徳太子 Shotoku Taishi to venerate his mother.

The main statue is 延命地蔵菩薩 Enmei Jizo Bosatsu - Life-prolonging Jizo




- reference source : wikipedia -


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. jigoku no oni 地獄の鬼 demons of the Buddhist hell .

. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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- - #onipedia #eingakyo #causeeffectsutra -
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