2017/01/20

Gofunai temples 28 and 29

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. Gofunai 御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 88 Henro Temples in Edo .
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Nr. 28 - Reiunji 霊雲寺 Reiun-Ji

- 宝林山 Horinzan 大悲心院 Daihishin-In 霊雲寺 Reiun-Ji
文京区湯島2-21-6 / 2 Chome-21-6 Yushima, Bunkyō ward / 湯島霊雲寺 Yushima Reiun-Ji
Shingon Sect : 霊雲寺派



This temple was founded in 1691 by 覚彦浄厳律師 Kakugen Jogon (1639 - 1702), who was a protegee of the influential Shogunate advisor, 柳沢吉保 Yanagizawa Yoshiyasu.



The main statue is 胎蔵界・金剛界大日如来 Dainichi Nyorai of both Mandalas.

To find their protector deity, a person blindfolded would stand on the Mandala and throw a paper flower in the air. It landed on the deity in question. This ritual called 結縁灌頂 Kechien Kanjo was propagated by Kakugen.

Reiun-Ji was built on request of the 5th Shogun, 徳川綱吉 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, as 永代祈願所 a temple to pray for the Tokugawa shogunate. It was located in the North-East direction of Edo castle, a direction of the kimon 鬼門 to "keep away the Demons".
It is the main temple of the Shingon Risshu Sect 真言律宗 and has more than 46 sub-tempels.


Tsunayoshi painted 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O and Daigensui 大元帥明王 Taigen (Atavaka) for the temple, but the Daigensui painting together with other important treasures, was lost in the fires of war.

The temple was destroyed during the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923. After rebuilding, it burned again at the end of the Second World War.
The Main Hall was built in 1976. There are other halls in the compound, including one for Daigensui, the 大元堂 Daigen-Do.

The temple treasures include Important National Cultural Properties:
Juroku rakan 十六羅漢十六幅 and 諸尊集會圖 Shison shukai.

The temple is mentioned in the Edo Meisho Zue 江戸名所図会:


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- ご詠歌 - chant of the temple 大日寺 Dainichi-Ji in Shikoku :
つゆ霜と罪を照らせる大日寺 などか歩みを運ばざらまし
Tsuyushimo to tsumi o teraseru Dainichiji nado ka ayumi o hakobazaramashi


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- 朱印 - stamp of the temple :


- Homepage of the temple
- source : reiunji.or.jp


. Introduction of Dainichi Nyorai .

境内稲荷寶幢閣

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- - - - - #edohistory - - - - -

. 徳川綱吉 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi . - (1646 - 1709) Fifth Shogun
Inu-Kubō 犬公方 Inu Kubo, the Dog Shogun

. 柳澤吉保 Yanagizawa Yoshiyasu . - (1658 - 1714)

. Fudō Myō-ō, Fudoo Myoo-Oo 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
Acala Vidyârâja – Vidyaraja – Fudo Myoo .



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Nr. 29 - Nanzooin 南蔵院 Nanzo-In

- 大鏡山 Daikyozan 南蔵院 Nanzo-In 薬師寺 Yakushi-Ji
豊島区高田1-19-16 / 1 Chome-19-16 Takada, Toshima ward
Shingon Sect : 豊山派

In front of the temple is a large pond, Kagami-ike 鏡池 "pond like a mirror", hence the tame Daikyozan, Large Mirror Temple.



This temple was founded in the Muromachi period by Enjoo Biku 円成比丘 the Nun Enjo (? - 1376).
She had meandered on a pilgrimage in Japan and finally settled here in a small hermitage. She had gotten the statue of Yakushin Nyorai from Hidehira in legendary circumstances.
The main statue is 薬師如来 Yakushi Nyorai, from the time of Prince Shotoku Taishi. It had been in the possession of 藤原秀衡 Fujiwara Hidehira from Hiraizumi.

A stone memorial is dedicated to the League to Demonstrate Righteousness.
Also connected to 三遊亭円朝 Sanyutei Encho and his work 怪談乳房榎 "Kaidan Chibusa Enoki" - Ghost of Chibusa Enoki.
In the compound are the graves of famous sumo wrestler elders :
音羽山 Otowayama, 粂川 Kumegawa, 花籠 Hanakago, 片男波 Kataonami and 二子山 Futagoyama.

In the compound are various buildings and memorial stone.

The temple is in the following pilgrimages:
豊島八十八ヶ所霊場 Toshima Henro Pilgrimage - Nr. 41
東京三十三観音霊場 33 Kannon temples in Tokyo - Nr. 21


The temple is mentioned in the Edo Meisho Zue 江戸名所図会 of Takada:


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- ご詠歌 - chant of the temple 国分寺 Kokubun-Ji in Shikoku :
国を分け宝を積みて建つ寺の 末の世までの利益のこせり Japanese
Kuni o wake takara o tsumite tatsu tera no sue no yo made no riyaku no koseri


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- 朱印 - stamp of the temple :


- Homepage of the temple
- source : www.tesshow.jp/shinjuku


. Introduction of Yakushi Nyorai .

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- - - - - #edohistory - - - - -

Sanyuutei Enchoo, San'yūtei Enchō 三遊亭圓朝 Sanyutei Encho (1839 - 1900)
born Jirokichi Izubuchi (出淵 次郎吉 Izubuchi Jirokichi)) April 1, 1839 – August 11, 1900 was a Japanese author and rakugo performer of the late Edo and early Meiji eras. Notable works include Japanese horror classics, Kaidan botan dōrō (based on Botan Dōrō (牡丹灯籠 The Peony Lantern), and Kaidan Kasane ga Fuchi (on which many Japanese horror films are based).


CLICK for more photos !

- The Ghost of Chibusa Enoki
A painter leaves his family to paint the homes of his rich clients. A lonely, ruthless samurai falls in love with the painter's wife and rapes her. He continues on to murder the painter and his servants. From the afterlife, the painter seeks revenge on the samurai and saves his wife and newborn child.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Kasanegafuchi 怪談累ヶ淵 Kaidan Kasane-ga-Fuchi .

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In the temple compound is
彰義隊九士の首塚 the head mound of 9 samurai of the Shogitai group



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The Shôgitai was a pro-shogunate military unit formed in 1868 to combat anti-shogunate forces.
The group was originally formed in 1868/2, by
Hitotsubashi branch retainer Shibusawa Seiichirô, Hatamoto Amano Hachirô and 67 pro-Bakufu comrades who gathered at that time in Zôshigaya. They were first stationed at a temple in Asakusa, then moved to Kan'ei-ji in Ueno to serve as the guards of Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu.
The Shôgitai was destroyed by imperial troops in the 5/15 Battle of Ueno.
Some members then joined other pro-Bakufu troops in the North, while other members demobilized and returned to Edo.

A tomb for the Shôgitai can be found today in Ueno Park. The smaller of the two main tombstones was erected in 1869 by a priest of Kan'ei-ji, while the larger was erected in 1874 by Ogawa Okisato, a surviving member of the group. The site was cared for by the Ogawa family for around 120 years, before it was named an important cultural asset of Tokyo's Taitô-ku (Taitô Ward) in 1990.
The Tokyo Metropolitan Government took over responsibility for the site in 2003.
- source : wiki.samurai-archives.com -

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. Fujiwara no Hidehira 藤原秀衡 (1122 - 1187) .

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. sumo, sumoo 相撲 Sumo wrestling .


source :biglobe.ne.jp/~st_octopus
花籠の墓 Grave of Hanakago
花籠平五郎 Hanakago Heigoro (1785 - ? 1909)

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- reference : 御府内八十八 霊雲寺 -
- reference : 御府内八十八 南蔵院 -

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- Koya San in Wakayama 和歌山 高野山 -

- Kobo Daishi Kukai 弘法大師 空海 (774 - 835) -

. Gyoki Bosatsu 行基菩薩 (668 - 749) Saint Gyōki .

. Shikoku Henro Temple List 四国遍路  .

. Gofunai 御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 Pilgrimage to 88 Henro Temples in Edo .
- Introduction -

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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC .

. Welcome to Edo 江戸 ! – The Edopedia .

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