2014/06/06

Chorakuji Shimoda

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Choorakuji, Chōraku-ji 長楽寺 Choraku-Ji

Choraku-Ji in Kyoto, see below
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- quote
Chōraku-ji is a small Shingon sect Buddhist temple in Shimoda, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. It is noteworthy in that it was the location of the signing of the Treaty of Shimoda in 1855, which officially established diplomatic relations between Bakumatsu Japan and the Russian Empire.


Chōraku-ji was founded in 1555, but much of its subsequent history is uncertain.

The temple was commandeered by the Tokugawa shogunate for use as a conference hall during negotiations to end Japan’s national isolation policy. The Russian delegation under Vice-Admiral Euphimy Vasil'evich Putiatin, was trapped in Shimoda at the end of 1854 when a tsunami caused by the Ansei Tokai Earthquake destroyed their fleet. While a new ship was being constructed in nearby Heda, negotiations proceeded towards a treaty, and on February 7, 1855, the Russo-Japanese treaty of friendship was signed at Chōraku-ji by Putiatin as Russian Imperial Ambassador and Japanese representative Kawaji Toshiakira.
The treaty comprised a trade agreement which opened three Japanese harbors (Hakodate, Nagasaki, and Shimoda) to Russia, one more than had been opened to the Americans. Furthermore, the treaty also partially defined the northern borders of Japan in the Kurile Islands with the Russo-Japanese border drawn between Etorofu and Uruppu.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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- quote
Chorakuji
In October 1854, Vice Admiral Putyatin of the Russian navy arrived in Shimoda to negotiate a treaty with Japan to establish territorial rights and trade. Negotiations were delayed when Shimoda was hit by a tidal wave which destroyed Putyatin's ship and much of Shimoda, but the negotiations were concluded in December and were signed at Chorakuji.
Chorakuji was also the site of the formal exchange of ratified treaties for the Treaty of Kanagawa, which was held in December 1854.
- source : www.cis.doshisha.ac.jp/kkitao
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shihi Fudoo son 四臂不動尊 Four-armed Fudo Myo-O

. Four-armed Fudo Statues 四臂不動 shihi Fudo .


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- - - - - H A I K U - - - - -

There are other temples with this name in Japan.

田毎の月 姥捨山 長楽寺
and haiku by Matsuo Basho
. Sarashinayama, Kamurikiyama, Ubasuteyama 姨捨山 .



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- - - - - 長楽寺 Choraku-Ji in Kyoto
京都府京都市東山区円山町626番地 / 626 Maruyamachō, Higashiyama-ku

- - - - - HP of the temple
- reference : age.ne.jp/x/chouraku -

- quote -
Chorakuji Temple is where Kenreimon-in, daughter of Taira Kiyomori and mother of Emperor Antoku, took the tonsure in 1185 after the defeat of her clan by the Genji at the battle of Dan no Ura. These events are described in the epic The Tale of the Heike.
The temple was founded at the Emperor Kammu's behest in 805 by Saicho (767-822), posthumously known as Dengyo-daishi, and has been much respected by emperors. The principal image is Kannon Bosatsu (Avalokitesvara). In accordance with the Imperial ordinance, it was not open to the public, and could be seen only in special years, such as when an enthronement ceremony was held and special years called "yakudoshi" under supervision of an Imperial emissary.
Chorakuji temple used to belong to the Japanese Tendai sect in the Heian period (794-1191). However, at the beginning of the Kamakura period (1192-1333) Ryukan-risshi admired Honen-shonin, the founder of the Jodo sect, and left Mount Hiei to stay at this temple and found the Senshu Nenbutsu Chorakuji School. During the Muromachi period (1338-1573), this temple was transferred to Kokua-shonin, whose sect was the Jishu, which was founded by Ippen shonin at the end of Kamakura period. Finally Konko-ji Temple, which was the principal temple of the Jishu sect, was combined with this temple in 1876.
- snip -
The Hotei statue, which is one of the Seven Deities of Fortune made by Shoichi-kokushi at the beginning of the Kamakura period, has been kept for about 800 years despite the fact that it was made of fragile unfired mud. Copies of the Hotei image were provided to the old families of Kyoto to people who wanted to help them smile despite the ongoing battles. The Hotei in this temple is popular because of his unpretentious warai (smile).
- source : taleofgenji.org -




長楽寺 - Kyoto

布袋像祀りて花の長楽寺
hoteizoo matsurite hana no choorakuji

offering prayers
to the statue of Hotei - Choraku-Ji temple
with cherry blossoms

Tr. Gabi Greve

Ohara Seiseishi 小原菁々子

. Hotei 布袋 Pu-Tai .




Hotei suzu 布袋鈴 clay bell with Hotei

. Kyoto no dorei 京都の土鈴 clay bells from Kyoto .

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鶯や昔住みゐし長楽寺
uguisu ya mukashi sumishi choorakuji

this nightingale !
way back in the past I lived
at Choraku-ji


Tabata Michi 田畑三千 (1895 - 1958)
Kyoto

. ugusiu うぐいす、鶯 nightingale .


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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims - INTRODUCTION .



. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC .


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